List of doctorate programme

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)

The PhD programme is a full research programme leading to the submission of a thesis based on an individually supervised research. All research proposals must be approved and research by supervised by the Faculty.

Career Opportunity

Career options in a variety of organizations such as :

  1. A private law firm
  2. A bar association
  3. A law school
  4. A legal clinic

Candidate might also pursue one of these law-related careers :

  1. In communications
  2. In computer and technology law
  3. Consulting with a law firm
  4. In education
  5. In law enforcement
  6. In politics
  7. In banking and financial services
Course Structure

All PhD candidates are required to register and pass a Research Methodology course with three (3) credits.

At the end of the candidature, a candidate is required to produce a thesis not exceeding 100,000 words on the subject of his/her research.  The examiners must be satisfied  that the thesis is a connected  piece  of writing  that  contains  original  work  and critical  interpretations worthy  of publication and is of sufficient standard and merit to qualify for PhD.


All PhD candidates are required to deliver three (3) seminars.

The First Seminar, which is a research proposal seminar, is to be delivered within the first four semesters. Candidatesare required to submit a research proposal of 3,000 to 5,000 words on the following:

1.    Introduction and scope of the  research;

2.    Objective of the research

3.    Conceptual framework or methodology;

4.    Significance and relevance of the  research;

5.    Time line for the research, including a proposed date of  submission;

6.   Brief bibliography.

The Second   Seminar, which is to be held in the fifth  semesters, is a candidature  defence seminar  which requires acandidate  to deliver  a research  progress  report of about  10,000 words  on the following:

1.    Precise research question or objective;

2.    Complete literature review;

3.    Complete research methodology;

4.    Research outcomes or findings to date;

5.    Complete bibliography;

6.    Research plan leading to completion of the thesis on the appointed date; and

7.    Publications or conference papers to date (if any).

The Third Seminar,  which  is to be delivered prior to  submission  of the  thesis,  requires the candidate  to submit  asummary  of the thesis  of 3,000 to 5,000 words, and an abstract of 500 words. Summary of the thesis shall contain  an overview   of  the  thesis,  purpose and  scope, significant research findings, and contents of chapters.


PhD candidates starting on 2012/2013 academic session and onwards are required to show proof of acceptance at least one (1) paper in ISI (WoS) – Ranked Full Length Journal Paper or at least two (2) papers in the journal category A or B that is recognized by the CoR for publication before the Committee of Examiners’ meeting and viva-voce.

Language Requirement

Bahasa Malaysia Requirement  for Malaysian
Pass in Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM)

Bahasa Malaysia Requirement  for Non-Malaysian
Required to attend at a satisfactory level and pass a course in Bahasa Malaysia conducted by the University before being conferred the Degree

English Language Requirement for Non-Malaysian
TOEFL – score 550; or
IELTS (Academic) – band 6.00; or

Pass English Language course offered by University of Malaya (UMCCed) ; or

Who possesses a degree or degrees from a university or an institution of higher education where the medium of instruction is in English language.

Entry Requirement

Applicants for the PhD programme at the University of Malaya must satisfy the following requirements: 

  1. A master’s degree by way of research; or
  2. A master’s degree by coursework or  by mixed mode with CGPA of not less than 3.7; or
  3. A master’s degree by coursework or by mixed mode with CGPA between  2.0 and 3.69 and an undergraduate degree with CGPA not less than 3.0; or
  4. A master’s degree by coursework or by mixed mode with CGPA between  2.0 and 3.69 and an undergraduate degree  with CGPA between  2.5 and 2.99, and one (1) of the following criteria:
    1. relevant work experience;
    2. publication in the relevant field;
    3. applicant is a scholarship holder;
    4. applicant is a University of Malaya graduate.
  5. Applicants with a Bachelor’s Degree with CGPA of not less than 3.7 may be admitted to the PhD Programme.  These candidates are required to defend their candidature in a research progress seminar to be held on a date two (2) semesters from the initial registration date; failing which the candidature may be converted to the relevant Master’s degree.
Intake Schedule

Throughout the year

Fee Structure for Citizen
Fee Structure for Non-Citizen
Last Update: May 06, 2019